In this research, the phenomenon being investigated is obesity among children. Research has proven that overweight is prevalent in children and can cause great psychological problems. Thus, the effects of overweight should be carefully analyzed while minimizing or preventing the causes (Ellis 2013, p. 14).
Prevention of the obesity among children
Almost all of the health researchers and clinicians believe that the prevention could be the key strategy for controlling the current epidemic of overweight. It is also acknowledged that a strong family and community support structure, without which a lot of approaches often fall short, must accompany the social and cultural changes (Langford & Young 2013, p. 11).
In any case, healthful food choices and safe physical activity help to shift towards healthier environment for our patients (Ellis 2013, p. 17). Overweight is a medical condition which often occurs when the weight of the child is disproportionate to his age and height.
The setting of the research is a medical facility where statistics of obesity could be retrieved. The setting was very important because it helps the patients themselves to learn more from this problem. Moreover, the research would utilize available peer reviewed articles to obtain data for further analysis.
What Causes Obesity among children under 20
The population under investigation is children under 20 years. Statistics show that patients aged 20 years are in a high-risk group, which means that one out of five patients is obese. It is important to support patients. Moreover, overweight rates are on the rise, and overweight may often impede the progress of patients and even may result into severe psychiatric problems through constant criticism and disapproval of a child.
Genetics, behavior, environment, and socio-demographics among others might cause obesity. Preliminary research also shows that multiple effects of the extreme addictiveness of food should be carefully identified; emphasize on the importance of various strategies and interventions, which are designed to stop or prevent overweight (Ellis 2013, p. 21). In this regard, the intervention approaches include enhancing the role and responsibility of local communities, school overweight prevention programs, pediatric psychologists, and parents.
The Question PICOT
The clinical question formula to be used in this research is PICOT. I chose this formula because it examines most aspects of the problem to be investigated, which are achievable within given time limit. The components of this formula include the population under investigation (P), interventions (I), comparison (C), outcome(s) (O), and time frame (T). Using this formula, the researchable question here would be; In children below 20 years suffering from obesity (P), what is the cost effective approach to parents and guardians’ education (I) comparing with the current clinical studies to control the increasing incidents of obesity (C) that could be used to reduce its occurrence (O) within 5 years (T)?
The aspects of my phenomenon that match the components and compose clinical question from these components include the following. First is the population, which in this case comprises of children below 20 years, especially those suffering from obesity. There are also interventions to prevent the problem, including the effective approaches to parents and guardians’ education. Moreover, the question made a contrast by comparing the approaches used with the current clinical interventions to control the increasing incidents of obesity. The other important component of the research question was the desired outcome, which is reducing the incidences and prevalence rate of obesity. The final aspect is timeframe, which in this case was fixed at 5 years.
The Scientific Search
The academic databases of significant importance include JSTOR, EBSCO, Premier, Google Scholar, ProQuest, CQ Researcher, and CCOHS. The rationale for choosing these databases was that they are authentic and reliable. In addition, they contain academic journal and other peer revised nursing articles, which discuss more about clinical issues or problems. The search tool that I employed was the use of key terms that apply in medicine, especially the issue that the research intended to analyze, which Langford & Young (2013) noted that they could facilitate research. In this regard, the key terms included Obesity, Obese Children, Prevention Strategies, Prevalence Rate, and other synonyms applicable to the case. I combined these key terms and synonyms by determining the relevance that they had to the issues about obesity. The searches were largely successful because by keying in the key terms, I was able to find several peer reviewed articles about obesity that were used in the research. I refined this by mere selection of the articles that discussed obesity incidences among children, especially those related to intervention. This was the same criterion used to choose the article.